“Our bodies are inescapable…we live in them.”
(something I read somewhere once) 1
What is my dance now? My body is saturated with images and details. My choreography has become an exorcism of ghosts of “opening-nights past” as I dance out memories and events inscribed on my body. A chorus of my other selves now accompanies my stage performance, live and virtual, real and imagined, past and present. 2
As a dancer I ‘understand’ and reflect on the world through the instrument of my body. The body is the content and the vehicle of expression for an art form inextricably linked to the ‘present’. Dance, shifting through and between bodies, is intangible, elusive, transient, and eventually lost, confronting each dancer from an early age with her own mortality. The art form of dance is in danger of remaining frozen in time and place at the beginning of its development, in the infancy of its vocabulary, reinventing the (cart)wheel. It denies change in the physical body as it updates the face of its population. It ignores continuity as its heritage disappears with its experienced artists. Its legacy is confined to a few words in a review, a poorly filmed video document, a poster.
Her own body is seeking, longing to find, the vanished body whose motions produced it. (Foster 1995: 183)
Performance is a site for both the establishment and relinquishing of identity. In front of an audience I exist, I present a particular life or self. These lives, selves, are simultaneously changing and constant, written on my body as lived experience. I want to be seen to exist beyond a particular performance moment, and into that moment, I want to bring the ‘meaning’ inherent in my body. I want dance to be about real things 3 , the range of emotions, images, and events that form and inform my moving body.
All performance work begins and ends in the body. (Schechner 1973: 132)
My body is the constant, it is, as Merleau-Ponty asserts, central as the “locus for experience as it is lived in a deepening awareness”. 4 (Zarrilli 1995: 14) My work is “tied to an interest in (my) own self as a form of remembered, public performance”. 5 (Marshall 2003: 39)
My body is the fabric onto which all objects are woven, and it is, at least in relation to the perceived world, the general instrument of my comprehension. (Merleau-Ponty 1962: 235)
Dance making becomes a post-modern puzzle in which one must sort the sample from the original, the memory from the dream. It becomes a dissection of the body in search of clues: the formative events that shaped the present, for what’s changed and why other things haven’t. Scenes from another life (the performance) attempts to synthesize my hybrid body, to resolve my self-image and my imagined self. My choreography has become a montage of my other lives public and private, past & present, actual & virtual, real & imagined, stage & screen, as live body and televisual body.
As the show’s title indicates, the body and our sensory memory constitute another life, including dreams, awkwardness, yet also our pleasures and our most comforting personal sensations. (Marshall 2003: 39)
So I begin with a dance of small moments, of a body suffused with the quirks of recollection. (Marshall 2003: 39) I create a text from many texts to guide the structure, a collage of bodily experience.
[A dance] 6
Dreaming or remembering falling asleep in a public place pinpointing something in the distance,
things fall into and pass through the body,
get caught in the ends (the muscle wastes, the vertebrae degenerate) involuntary actions—the sneeze holding someone else’s baby,
fear of dropping it (I fall & the plait is caught on the meat hook)
tightly woven around your hair that rose in strangled curls moving in a yellow bedroom light the air is wet with sound the faraway yelping of a wounded dog
drawing in the dirt at the bus stop
a slow faucet leak
(the last image from Blood simple) Your house is so
soft and fading (he holds me)
a light goes on and a door opens and a yellow cat runs out on the stream of hall light
scents (greasepaint, powder…Magnolia)
arching into Helen’s slow fall to lay on your back, to laugh uncontrollably, flower in my hair, tiered pink dress
a string of yellow carnival lights comes on
David Roche’s circling pattern
the wooden bird on the desk that dips it’s beak in the glass of water
and I hear a banjo tango
a park, a tree, shade, shadows, hiding
I watch as you disappear 7
I order the fragments into a new montage. I create a physical score out of the footage of my past—swimming certificates, physical ordeals, recurring images.
From a suitable distance
she opened her eyes the light fell in first, sharp, blue
perform a safe jump
then the shape of it emerged, the edges formed
it spoke in whirrs and rumbles past her tunnelling a furrow along one cheekbone
a stroke already used may be repeated hip carry
the asymmetry of it made her shift in her seat and refold her hands, right thumb on top
a clasp around the neck from behind
small moments snapped off her spine and began to build a pile beneath her chair
undress slowly in deep water 8
no-one seemed to notice
It is almost as if the skin itself served as a notebook, a reminder of what was not allowed to be forgotten. (Grosz 1994: 132)
My life between company dancer and solo performer exists in screen space. I began creating dance video work to assert my existence, imbuing my presence with a palpable history, and with it credibility, a meaning. On screen, dance can reappear and be replayed. It becomes a tangible artefact accessible across geographical and temporal locations.
As the movement of the dancer and dance are inscribed in film and video, that inscription becomes the artefact that endures over time. And by this process, as choreographers, dancers and filmmakers, future generations will have access to the marks we made. (Bromberg 2000: 27)
In choreographing for video I am exploring mechanisms by which I can translate the kinaesthetic intimacy of dance and the body to the screen—to make my sweat bead on the surface of the screen. I am drawing attention to the ‘individual’ experience, the emotional and psychological landscape which ‘lives’ in the physical landscape. (Reid 2001: 1)
The “rush of technological advances” 9 pushes the body into a state of catatonia—we become a static mass hunched around a flurry of eye-hand movement. The shape of the audience has changed and barely recognizes the dancer’s body. Technology is reinscribing the body and dance must re-consider its syllabus.
I have created a video dance body that acknowledges and responds to both changes in my body and changes in the way we view. My dance vocabulary has refined: instead of a leap, I gasp; a lift of a finger replaces an arabesque; to fall I close my eyes. Virtuosity for me now is about detail, specificity, a quality, and about a psychokinetic connection. I have different things to say with and about my body. My 36,000th leg brush tells me less than my first wrinkle.
I dance the new body of the camera and become both dancer and viewer. I come closer to the nuance of the body and its underlying emotive or psychological inscription. Choreography becomes cinematic as I re-frame the body and re-sequence the movement. With the camera I control the body’s identity, how it is seen. In the edit suite I control the meaning, imposing connections. A new dance exists outside the physical body. My body is returned to me as a site rather than an object.
It can serve, not only as an instrument for conveying the artist’s vision, but it can itself contribute a view of the world created by the intelligence inherent in its own mechanism. When this is achieved it creates a reality, an experience which, as a whole, can only exist on film. (Deren 1945: 346)
My ‘video dance body’ “transcends the limitations of the material body” and
offers the possibility of alternative modes of dance. The intervention of technology has…opened up new choreographic possibilities as the spatio-temporal boundaries of the body can be made to appear increasingly fluid, and dynamics can be manipulated independently of the physical body. (Dodds 2001: 170)
But alas, I have been split into a Cartesian dilemma. My video dance body exists and my ‘present’ self remains intangible. When I re-enter the theatre I carry in the cinema. I have become shaped by my own transposition of dance to the screen…a focus on the minutiae of gesture and expression, the echoes and layers of meaning and history behind a glance, a finger point…small and random actions have become large, vast, loud, significant. In line with Dodds’ assertion that
dancing bodies may become inscribed with alternative patterns of movement as a result of the detailed, gestural vocabularies and pedestrian movement that are often employed in video dance (Dodds 2001: 163)
I have become inscribed by self-imposed images of myself. How can I resolve this multiplicity? Will I, and the live dance form, disappear, fading through over-duplication, and will my clone, my image of myself become more real than me?
My Grade 2 report card said I displayed a keen interest in puppetry. Some things don’t change. I am now both puppet and puppeteer as the tiny image of myself, “mini me” (even the name is imposed by my cinema viewing life) enters and becomes trapped in the landscape of my body—the image of a dancer as an image of a body in a specific period in time, always from the past, a younger self irretrievable and immutable, elusive like the physical art form of dance. This mini me has become a superior body, preserved by technology. While the physical body deteriorates the virtual body defies gravity, “climbs every mountain,” comes from all angles, persists.
The body as a plastic and unstable phenomenon which is open to perceptual reconstruction (Dodds 169)
I have arachnophobia, an irrational fear of the microchip, the cyborg, death—an irrational fear of being eliminated, of hidden dangers, a deadly detail, the machine takes over, and I become Stelarc 10 and must invite the penetration of my body by the small sharp teeth of meat hooks…the sheep carcass of my youth, my Rapunzel plait caught, the fear of physical pain reduced to an emotional reaction/memory.
As technology reduces the size of our movements, it amplifies the microscopic.
I’m making a big thing out of it. I must get some perspective, remember that it isn’t real, it’s two-dimensional, and my physical body still holds the controls. I can re-write the program, change the rules, toss the machine against the wall, put things in perspective, return to the physical body, assert my subjectivity.
“Reid explained that she wasn’t even sure if these and other remembered gestures and songs were her experiences or moments from films she’d seen, or stories she’d told.”…or reviews that had been written about her. (Marshall 2003: 39)
[A film] 11
Our fascination with films is now thought to be not a fascination with particular characters and intrigues so much as a fascination with the image itself, based on a primal ‘mirror stage’ in our psychic growth. Just as we were, when infants, confronted with the gloriously complete view of ourselves in the mirror, so now we identify with the gloriously complete presentation of a spectacle on the screen. (Andrew 1984: 149)
I am televisualized. The camera and the edit are inextricably bound up with my actual being, with my real body. My memory of standing on the edge of a high-diving board is interspersed with shots of the coyote’s face before the cliff gives way in the roadrunner’s wake, of Esther Williams’ dive, of the moment before walking on the comedy club stage. Just as video dance can redefine the vocabulary of dance, can physically enhance, defy gravity, extend time, refigure space, my physical body is a hybrid site, redefined and reconfigured, its vocabulary both real and imagined.
By taking my dance into screen space I was trying to make reality out of fiction, to imbue light with substance, image with sensation. By bringing the screen body back into my live body I am reasserting the physical, augmenting and redefining the dance of real time with reel time. I create a video dance body that, in turn, recreates my live body. I cannot distinguish between my real self and my imagined self. I create the illusion of truth as I reveal my lies, my fantasies. I want the audience to see my imaginings, my dreams and illusions, me.
The body image is always slightly our of step with the current state of the subject’s body…there seems to be a time lag in the perception and registration of real changes in the body image. (Grosz 1994: 84)
Video dance has both liberated the dancing body from the small window of youth, the pedestal of virtuosity, and imprisoned it under the stark reality of the magnifying glass. The mature dancer can live on through specificity and nuance and be simultaneously crucified by the scrutiny of the close-up. The body is still an object of desire: the televised body may only have to lift a finger rather than its own weight, but it must look desirable doing it. A wrinkle may reflect a history, suggest a life, trace a pattern of emotions, but it is a reminder of our own mortality.
…in the fast flowing river of change we must not struggle to go back or even strive to remain still; we must steer our future. 12
My body, my dance now comments on the changes in all our bodies—bodies seated and sedentary before a screen, closed by terrorist threat, cosmetically altered, starved, severed, displaced, resisting change yet recanting history.
[A dance] 13
My head is hot My brain is bubbling
I sweat and I shiver My lungs are scorched
My heart bounces like an egg boiling
The more I dance anxiety, the more I end up standing still. My mobile phone defaults to September 11.
I am four years younger than Madonna. I want to be able to open my body without bracing for impact.
Alas, then she is drown’d? 14
My body, my dance now proposes another physical response, finishes “making a scene.”
to fall asleep in a public place with your head back
and your mouth open
to lay on your back with your stomach exposed like a cat
to laugh uncontrollably
to call out inside someone else’s house
to take your shoes off and turn the soles of your feet upwards
to hold out your hand
to expose your throat
to close your eyes
to receive touch
to move through space. 15
So to an extent my live performance has become art imitating virtual life. My physical body is the interface. The boundaries are blurred between biological and technological, natural and artificial. Concepts of identity and subjectivity are questioned. (Dodds 2001: 164) This paper creates another life out of my performance, my body. The body becomes text, but the text is “danced” into a choreographic pastiche of metaphor, citation and creative writing. Here I try to use academic enquiry as an improvisational score—it provides a structure to save me from drowning in artistic metaphor without squashing invention. This paper gives my dance another life.
- Andrew, D. (1984) Concepts in film theory New York: Oxford University Press. Bromberg, Ellen (2000) “Thoughts on video dance.” Dance Screen 2000, Monaco: IMZ. Deren, Maya. (1945) “Cinema as an independent art form.” V.A. Clark, M. Hodson and
- C. Neimens, Eds. The legend of Maya Deren: a documentary biography and collected works New York: Anthology film archives/Film culture. Vol. 1, Part 2.
- Dodds, Sherril (2001) Dance on screen: genres and media from Hollywood to experimental art New York: Palgrave.
- Foster, Susan Leigh (1995) “Manifesto for dead and moving bodies.” Choreographing history Bloomington: Indiana University press, pp. 180 – 191.
- Grosz, Elizabeth. (1994) Volatile Bodies: toward a corporeal feminism Bloomington: Allen & Unwin.
- Hay, Deborah. (1994) Lamb at the altar: the story of a dance Durham & London: Duke University Press.
- Marshall, Jonathan “The body: sensual, recollected and phantasmic.” Real Time no 55, June/July 2003, p. 39.
- Merleau-Ponty, M. (1962) The phenomenology of perception London: Routledge.
- Reid, Dianne (2001) Cutting choreography: redefining dance on screen (M.A. thesis) Melbourne: Deakin University.
- Sandler, Julie. Standing in awe, sitting in judgement in Friedler, S.E. and S.B. Glazer (1997) Dancing female: lives and issues of women in contemporary dance Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers.
- Schechner, Richard (1973) Environmental theatre New York: Hawthorn.
- Zarrilli, Phillip B. (1995) Acting (Re)Considered London: Routledge.